The drugmaker, which developed the first authorised Covid-19 vaccine in the US with Germany’s BioNTech, said the antiviral candidate showed potent activity against Sars-Cov-2, the virus that causes Covid-19, in lab studies.
Pfizer’s candidate is a protease inhibitor that prevents the virus from replicating in cells.
Protease inhibitors have been effective at treating other viral pathogens such as HIV and hepatitis C virus, both on their own and in combination with other antivirals, the company said.
Pfizer believes this class of molecules may provide well-tolerated treatments against Covid-19, as currently marketed therapeutics that work on the same lines have not reported safety concerns.
The company is also studying an intravenously administered antiviral candidate in an early-stage trial in Covid-19 patients who’ve been admitted to hospital.
“Together, the two (oral and intravenous candidates) have the potential to create an end-to-end treatment paradigm that complements vaccination in cases where disease still occurs,” Pfizer’s chief medical officer Mikael Dolsten said in a statement.
Pfizer’s candidate is behind two other oral antiviral therapies, which are in mid-stage trials – the first being developed by rival Merck & Co with Ridgeback Bio, and a second from Roche Holding and Atea Pharmaceuticals.
Gilead Sciences’ remdesivir is the only US Food and Drug Administration-approved drug for the treatment of Covid-19.
The FDA has granted an emergency authorisation to intravenous therapies from Eli Lilly – bamlanivimab alone and in combination with etesevimab, and a combination therapy from Regeneron. (Reuters)